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Ancient Mathematics

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Stone_colour_pyramid_in_anciet_China.jpgAt first, all the stones were the same color. When choosing stones of different colors, their location was known in advance if the number of stones to be placed on the ground formed a pyramid pattern. It didn't matter what color they were. Children learn the colors of the stones and their order in the pattern. Even in the village community, one stone or person was supreme in making decisions, as they discovered through experience. Nothing is higher than the top stone.


Hand_S.jpgNo one knows in what order things happened, but let's assume. The stones on the ground formed a pattern, where the stones had designated places. A question arose about the number of stones collected. In this context, someone unfamiliar with numbers found out the first five numbers. The hand helped practice the numbers.

Stone_pyramid_and_numbers_1-4.jpgThe pyramid pattern was easy until its fifth row. Because the numbers had been taught, the pyramid had the same numbers. The stones meant immaterial numbers and on the other hand material things, such as the four prey animals. Until now, everything was easy.

Stone_pyramid_proportional_limity.jpgThe first five rows were easy to lay stones on the ground. These require 15 stones. The sixth row alone required 16 stones. Carrying so many stones was impossible. The relativity limit had been reached,which could be determined physically. A total of 31 stones that many couldn't count.

Stone_pyramid_decimal_system.jpgThe pattern of six rows of stones showed the limit of proportionality, how the number of stones grew so far that it was impossible to carry them. At the same time, when drawing the character, it described how there are usually two pieces. In our time, we can also say mirror images. Ten fingers and a toe defined the ancient decimal system. Otherwise, we cannot interpret the pattern.


                         1      1

                     1     2      1

                 1      3     3     1

              1     4     6      4     1    

          1     5    10   10     5    1

Due to the large number of stones, the numbers 1-10 with their markings had been learned. Now there was no need to carry stones. If necessary, stones were found where they were needed. Here we don't go beyond this in the numbers. Numbers 7,8 and 9 were missing from the pattern. This was difficult to understand why this was so.


6,000 Years Ago

vitrified_clay_pipes_a.jpgInterestingly, vitrified clay pipes, which were first discovered in Babylonia around 4000 BC, became the material of choice for most cities by the 1900s. Vitrified clay pipe (VCP) is pipe made from a blend of clay and shale that has been subjected to high temperature to achieve vitrification, which results in a hard, inert ceramic.


In Years 1990 BC – 1649 BC

The Berlin Papyrus is an ancient Egyptian papyrus document from the Middle Kingdom, second half of the 12th (c. 1990–1800 BC) or 13th Dynasty (c. 1800 BC – 1649 BC). The two readable fragments were published by Hans Schack-Schackenburg in 1900 and 1902. It shows that ancient Egyptians could solve second-order algebraic (quadratic) equations.”


In Years 1800 BC – 1200 BC

Artifacts of smelted iron are found in India dating from 1800 to 1200 BC, and in the Levant from about 1500 BC (suggesting smelting in Anatolia or the Caucasus).


Pythagoras of Samos c. 570 – c. 495 BC
5_Climates_1.jpgIt was said that he was the first man to call himself a philosopher ("lover of wisdom") and that he was the first to divide the globe into five climatic zones. Classical historians debate whether Pythagoras made these discoveries, and many of the accomplishments credited to him likely originated earlier or were made by his colleagues or successors.

In year 213 BC

In 213 BC, Emperor Qin Shi Huang burned a large number of books, so we lost knowledge of ancient China. In the following decades, the books were rewritten and the information partially changed. After the destruction of Egyptian, Chinese and Mayan literature, these cultures are written about.

Dated to Approximately 70 - 80 BC.Antikythera_mechanism_S2.jpg
The Antikythera mechanism had 37 gears (at least 30 meshing bronze) that allow it to track the movements of the Moon and Sun through the zodiac, predict eclipses, and even model the Moon's velocity is higher at a point closest to the earth than at its farhhest point. The first known computer.
A belt of the heavens within about 8° either side of the ecliptic, including all apparent positions of the sun, moon, and most familiar planets. It is divided into twelve equal divisions or signs (Aries, Taurus, Gemini, Cancer, Leo, Virgo, Libra, Scorpio, Sagittarius, Capricorn, Aquarius, Pisces).



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